Eradication involves the elimination of a pathogen once it has become established on a plant or in a field
It can be accomplished by removal of diseased plants, or parts, as in roguing to control virus diseases or cutting off a cankered tree limb; by cultivating to keep down weed hosts and deep ploughing or spalding to bury diseased plant debris; by rotation of susceptible with nonsusceptible crops to starve out the pathogen; and by disinfection, usually by chemicals, sometimes by heat treatment.
Spraying or dusting marijuana foliage with sulfur after mildew mycelium is present is eradication, and so is treating the soil with chloropicrin to kill nematodes and fungi. Soil treatment with various nematicides (Telone II, Temik 15G, Counter 15 and 20G) is useful to control sugar beet nematodes.
Tan spot, caused by the fungus Pyrenophora tritici repentis, is a major leaf spot disease of winter wheat in the Great Plains of North America. It has become an increasing problem in wheat cropping systems using conservation tillage. This disease can be managed by applying a three-year conservation tillage rotation system called ecoflow.
Eco Fallow is defined as crop rotation system of controlling weeds and conserving soil moisture with minimum disturbance of crop residue. In this system, corn or sorghum is seeded directly into winter wheat stubble in a winter wheat-grain sorghum/corn-fallow rotation.
The uniqueness of this system is that one crop is planted directly into the residue of a different crop rather than into the residue of the same crop. This crop rotation-fallow system effectively breaks disease cycles, such as tan spot, which involve pathogens that survive in crop residue.